according to baumrind (1971), the parent who uses punitive disciplinary measures is This is a topic that many people are looking for. bluevelvetrestaurant.com is a channel providing useful information about learning, life, digital marketing and online courses …. it will help you have an overview and solid multi-faceted knowledge . Today, bluevelvetrestaurant.com would like to introduce to you Baumrinds Parenting Styles (Intro Psych Tutorial #181). Following along are instructions in the video below:
Im michael carrera and this is site exam review in the previous video. We we looked at attachment and bonding and the importance of this early relationship between mother child and in this video. Were gonna look at the relationship between parents and children over time and how it might shape the childrens development and this brings us to whats called parenting style.
And diana baumrind. Initially proposed three main parenting styles. And the first of these.
At one extreme is. Whats called authoritarian parenting and in authoritarian parenting. The parents set strict rules for behavior and they also have harsh punishments for when those rules are violated and so we can think of the child as being powerless in this situation.
The child doesnt have a say in what the rules are and doesnt have a say in what happens. When the rules are broken. And this authoritarian parenting is associated with lower social skills and reduced self esteem in the children at the other extreme.
We have whats called permissive parenting and in this case. The parents set few or no rules for the childrens behavior. And they have few or no punishments and theyre often described as neither demanding nor responsive.
Which means the parents arent setting demands. They dont have clear expectations for the childrens behavior.
And theyre also not responding to the childrens needs. And this permissive parenting is associated with higher aggression and lower maturity in the children lastly. We have the third style.
Which is somewhere between these two extremes. And this is called authoritative parenting and in this case. The parents set rules and they enforce those rules.
But we said if theyre demanding and responsive. Theyre demanding and that they have clear expectations for the childrens behavior. But they also respond to the childrens needs and the way that they do this is by having open discussion with the children and this means.
That theres the possibility of compromised. The children are empowered. Theyre given a voice over what those rules should be and what should happen if the rules are broken.
Now the parents have the final say. But they give the children a chance to be involved in how this relationship plays out over time. And this authoritative parenting is associated with higher levels of self esteem in the children.
With greater self reliance and with higher levels of social competence in the children. Now.
Later. Researchers. Eleanor maccabe and john martin.
Proposed a fourth parenting style. Which they referred to as a neglectful parenting or. Its also called uninvolved parenting.
And this is a case. Where the parents provide the basic needs for the children. But they otherwise seem to be too preoccupied with their own lives.
Theyre not particularly interested in the children. And this neglectful parenting or uninvolved parenting. Is associated with lower social competence and with lower school achievement in the children now we have to be careful.
When we think about these associations. We have to remember that correlation is not causation and these are necessarily correlations. We cant do you know studies.
Where we would manipulate the parenting style and then observe the effects over time that wouldnt be ethical. But we can see that there are relationships between the style of parenting and certain outcomes in life and we should keep in mind.
However that it could be the case that childrens traits are influencing the parenting style. There could be something about the child whether the childs temperament or certain aspects of the childs behavior or personality. That are bringing out certain ways of parenting.
Maybe some children sort of create situations. Where its necessary to have more strict rules or to enforce those rules. More strictly or maybe some children bring out this negotiation between parents and they help make it easier for the parents to compromise or work things out with the children.
And this also brings us to the idea that parents and children are often sharing. Many genes and there could be genes related to social competence that are involved it could be the case that parents who are not good at managing this relationship with their children maybe. The children share.
Some of those genes related to social competence. And so the children also arent very good at negotiating with the parents and so we have to keep in mind. The complexity of this relationship when we have situations.
Where the parents are sharing genes with the children theyre also being influenced and are influencing the childrens behavior. And so we see this is obviously a very complicated relationship for us to understand we have to be careful about drawing overly narrow conclusions about the relationship between parenting styles and childrens behavior. I hope you found this helpful.
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