what is the effect of the first-person point of view in this excerpt? This is a topic that many people are looking for. bluevelvetrestaurant.com is a channel providing useful information about learning, life, digital marketing and online courses …. it will help you have an overview and solid multi-faceted knowledge . Today, bluevelvetrestaurant.com would like to introduce to you POV: point of view. Following along are instructions in the video below:
This is mr. Sato here to explain point of view narrative. Point of view or or pov is simply the perspective from which the story is told in other words is telling.
The story. There are two basic kinds of pov first person and third person and within those two kinds are a few variations. So well talk about five different kinds.
Altogether. First person narration is when a character in a story is narrating it so if a character in the story is telling you whats going on i did this he said to me and he shook my hand then its a first person narrator. Its first person pov.
An advantage of first person is that it most closely resembles the way stories are told in everyday life right you come to school and you tell your friend about something that happened to you thats like first person pov. Another advantage is you get a strong sense of the narrating characters personality. So using first person point of view.
Is also a way of fully developing. That character now a first person narrator can be reliable or unreliable. A reliable narrator is telling us whats happening in a way that we believe is true and undistorted.
Most first person narrators are reliable when pip in great expectations tells us his story. We believe that hes telling us things pretty much the same way wed see them he naturally has things he doesnt see or doesnt know like what another character is thinking. But what he does see he sees without distortion.
An unreliable narrator is one who cant be relied on to tell us the truth. The way wed see it it could be the character is immature or intellectually undeveloped like the developmentally delayed character charlie in flowers for algernon in that book charlie describes people he thinks are his friends. But we can see that theyre just making fun of him and having a laugh at his expense.
So hes an unreliable first person narrator. Hes not lying to us. But he isnt able to give us the whole picture.
If the narrator is lying to us thats also an unreliable narrator.
A well known example is the tell tale heart by edgar allan poe. Our narrator starts out telling us not to think that hes mad mad mad i. Say and sets out to prove to the reader how sane he is but before youre halfway into the story.
Its clear that this guy is off his rocker. So first person narrators can be fun that way another fun trick is to tell the story with alternating first person narration. Youve probably seen books like this like ally condies reached.
One chapter is told from one characters pov. The next chapter is told from someone elses that way you get to see the story from multiple perspectives that can be tricky too. But its a great way to get all the benefits of first person.
Narration. While still. Giving your reader a more complex perspective on the storys events.
One last note on first person point of view. The narrator is usually the main character. Though sometimes.
Its an important character who is witnessing what happens to the main character. Like sherlock holmes assistant. Dr.
Watson. Tells. The story of sherlocks investigations.
But youd never say watson was the main character right sherlock holmes is the main character even though watson narrates traditionally most stories used to be third person pov. This is when the narrator is a voice outside the story. The narrator tells us that doris did this he said to doris.
Or she shook his hand thats third person.
The three main kinds of third person pov are omniscient. Limited and objective omni means all and scientia means knowledge. So an omniscient narrator literally knows everything about whats going on in the story chainsaw sound effect.
He or she can know what a character is thinking. Or what all the characters are thinking or even what an inanimate object. Feels if thats what the writer wants the omniscient narrator can know that bob hid.
Something in a room. When theres no other character around to see him do it this kind of narrator can even know what will happen to the characters in the future. If the writer.
So chooses. Its like the voice of an all knowing god floating over the action leading you through the narrative. The writer after all is like the god of his or her fictional universe.
So naturally. The third person narrator is often thought to be the voice of the writer. But this isnt necessarily so not all the time if an author writes that her character did something you shouldnt assume.
Its the author speaking to you its just the voice of the narrator. Thats why when we write about literature. We dont say the author says this or that we say.
The narrator says it this is important because a narrator can suggest things that the author himself doesnt believe or not know something that the author does know and that leads us to the limited third person pov. This is a character outside the story too. But this one only knows what the main character thinks and knows if the character doesnt know whos hiding around the corner.
Then the narrator doesnt either this can be really useful like in the short story the sniper by liam oflaherty. When we are meant to be surprised by the identity of the second sniper. We learn who it is only when the main character does if wed known all along whom.
It was it would be a very different and less interesting story.
Even more limited is the objective pov. This is when the third person narrator describes. Whats happening.
But doesnt know what anyone is thinking not even the main character. Its like a video camera that records the events. But only sees the factual surface of the events and lets you the reader infer.
Whats going on beneath the surface. Like you would do in real life. A well known example of this is ernest hemingways story hills like white elephants.
The narrator tells us what the characters say. But doesnt explain what theyre talking about it doesnt say what the relationship is between the characters or what kind of operation. The woman is going to have because it only knows what can be observed with the five senses.
The objective point of view allows no opinions from the narrator or insights into why characters do what they do figuring that stuff out is the readers job like it is in real life. Now you may be wondering if theres a first person and a third person. Then why isnt there a second person.
Thats an intelligent question. There actually is a rarely used second person pov. Its when you are the main character like in jay mcinerneys novel.
Bright lights big city. Where the narrator says things like you get in your car. And start the engine you drive down the highway thinking about your ex girlfriend.
A car cuts you off in traffic. This is really hard to do well and i generally dont recommend it most of the time. When i read second person pov.
I keep thinking no i didnt dont tell me i said that thats not my girlfriend.
It can be very distracting so attempt it at your own risk. So to review the main kinds of point of view are 1 reliable first person in which a character in the story tells you the story in a reliable way. 2.
Unreliable first person in which you have a character in the story. Telling it to you with distortion of some kind. 3 omniscient third person thats the all knowing god like narrator.
4. Limited third person in which we see the story through a third person narrator who only knows what the main character knows and 5 objective third person. Where the narrator just describes.
Things like a hidden camera would without commentary and lets the reader put the pieces. Together. If youre writing.
The story. The important thing about pov is to figure out who can best tell your story then to be consistent. Its a common error for new fiction writers to sort of drift from one pov to another whenever.
Its convenient skilled writers can switch up the pov like this sometimes. But they dont do it accidentally they do it to achieve a specific effect. But thats a pretty advanced technique.
If youre studying a narrative written by someone else try to keep in mind whos telling it to you and what the limitations and advantages of that pov are and one last thing understanding narrative pov is a valuable critical thinking skill. Incredibly useful in real life for example when an advertiser tells you that its product is great or when a politician tells you the country is on the wrong track. Its important to remember who is telling you this.
And what that persons motives might be or when a friend tells you someone said something you might want to ask yourself how he or she knows this or what the limitations of that persons knowledge are and when you have to put together a complete picture from incomplete information. Youll have had practice doing this from reading literature. Understanding point of view means seeing the whole picture and not just passively accepting a narrative.
The way its told to you and thats important stuff all right good luck with your assignment. .
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