what is the main reason mao zedong was able to make china communist This is a topic that many people are looking for. bluevelvetrestaurant.com is a channel providing useful information about learning, life, digital marketing and online courses …. it will help you have an overview and solid multi-faceted knowledge . Today, bluevelvetrestaurant.com would like to introduce to you Why Mao Zedong Was The Most Brutal Tyrant. Following along are instructions in the video below:
The steven pinker book the better angels of our nature. A history of violence and and an attempt to understand the darker side of humanity. The man who is the of todays show plays almost a starring role among many of the other tyrants criminals.
And government sanctioned sadists. He is sometimes called the worst mass murderer in the history of tyrants. But knowing the exact number of how many died due to his policies.
And those just murdered under the regime is not easy that number is sometimes said to be about 40 million sometimes we are told 45 million. And sometimes we are told even as many as 65 million. Its hard to even imagine such a thing and we might be reminded of the phrase sometimes.
Attributed there are doubters to the tyrant joseph stalin. A single death is a tragedy. A million deaths is a statistic.
The reason the number of deaths changes of course is because getting access to records. If there even is a record of death is not easy. And it is also difficult to know who died as a direct result of maos policies and zero tolerance attitude to critics.
But historians havent pulled the number out of hats. And there are ample well researched accounts of the devastation of maos policies and also how his regime was sometimes incredibly cruel towards the chinese people especially dissidents. The historian frank dik tter who spent a lot of time researching in archives for what went down during the great leap.
Forward said mao zedong was. Responsible for one of the worst catastrophes the. World has ever known he said around 45 million people either starved were worked to death or were beaten to death.
It ranks alongside the gulags and the holocaust as one of the three greatest events of the 20th century. It was pol pots genocide multiplied 20 times over. He said.
We can tell you first hand. How this writer told. A.
Captivated audience at a literary festival that. People were seen only as digits things to move the great leap ahead. This historian.
While researching his book mao.s great famine the. Story of chinas most devastating catastrophe explained to people that while looking through chinas public security bureau reports he found some things that turned his blood cold dik tter said that in these records of the provinces.
He found that there were instances of children hungry children stealing potatoes. The rulers were strict about crime and in one instance the child had his hands tied and was thrown into a river others were forced to work naked in winter as punishment. Some were branded others set on fire while others merely had their nose or ears cut off.
Perhaps. The most disturbing thing was a record of parents being forced by officials to bury their children alive. But starvation killed.
The most people to give you an example.
Dik tter writes that in one town containing around 250000. People 80 percent of the folks were deliberately kept away from the official canteens. Where food was served they were old or weak and so it was decided they were a waste of space in the greater scheme of things and should be starved to death thats how bad it was and this information was taken from archives not word of mouth.
But before we talk about more misery. Lets look at who this leader was this will be a very abridged history as people have written long books on this mans life. Little mao was born on december 26.
1893. In a small rural community called shaoshan in the province of hunan. China.
His parents were farmers and were said to have worked hard in the fields of that town for generations. Its said. His family werent that bad off for their area.
Which was mostly made up of very poor peasants. He did a bit of schooling. But by the time he was 13.
He was working in the fields too. Its said he had been a good student and enjoyed reading and writing poetry. Its said he was asked to leave school for being unruly.
According to an excerpt from a book featured in the new york times his mother whom. He worshipped was ok with him leaving. But his father was displeased.
According to this book mao himself once said he had bitter fights with his father at 14. His dad said he had found a wife for mao. But we are told he turned the offer down other sources tell us he did in fact marry her.
But that mao never later recognized her as his proper wife in his own words mao. Once said when i was 14. My parents married me to a girl of 20 but i.
Never lived with her i. Do not consider her my wife . And have given little thought to her she died a year after their marriage.
Anyway. And its said even though his father wanted him to work in a rice store mao had his sights set on studying in a modern school where he could learn things like foreign languages science and world history he would soon be inspired by western economists philosophers military leaders and scientists as well as the writings of philosopher and economist karl marx. Its said at around this time still.
A young man. He developed a reasoning that the end justifies the means or perhaps. You might say that to make an omelet you have to break some eggs.
His father at this time thought maos intellectual pursuits were totally pointless their break up was imminent at age 17. He left home and went to study in another city after educating himself more he went on to join the revolutionary army and the nationalist party kuomintang whose intention was to overthrow the monarchy that happened in 1912 and the republic of china was born these were exciting times for mao. No doubt.
But he didnt exactly rocket into politics in 1918.
He became qualified as a teacher. But after looking for jobs in beijing. He was still unemployed instead he managed to land a job as a librarians assistant at beijing university around this time.
We are told that mao had taken an interest in russia and. What was going on there with the revolution 1917 . An uprising that would lead to the formation of the soviet union based on the tenets of communism just a couple of years later and mao would become one of the first members of the chinese communist party.
There was still a ruling nationalist party in china that mao had supported from the beginning. But having watched vladimir lenins ideas come to fruition not too far away mao believed. It was time for china to give some power back to the people.
The agrarian masses that made up most of the country what happened next in short is the chinese nationalist party broke all alliances with the upstarts. The communist party and heres where mao stepped in he led an army the red army of peasants against the nationalists this violent reprisal wasnt without its reasons of course. The nationalists had killed and locked up.
Many people affiliated with the communist party before the fighting mao then formed the soviet republic of china and by 1934. Ten provinces in the country were under his communist control government forces then buckled down and tried to defeat all those mostly peasant guerillas but. The communists retreated and began was has been called the long march basically a hard trek through the.
Mountains its said from about. 100000. People that started the march around 10 30000.
Died on the way the exact number is disputed walking 8000. Miles over treacherous territory gave mao some stories to tell he was in some ways a great action and intellectual hero. And this would later fuel the cult of personality.
If you dont know what that is its when a leader becomes somewhat like a demigod and he and his cronies often paranoid themselves of being accused of not being devout use propaganda. The media posters unrealistic stories to promote this veritable savior look no further than north korea for a present example matters became worse in china in 1937 when the japanese imperial army invaded the country the government couldnt have internal discord and also fight japan the red army of mao grew in size in part because of the atrocities of the japanese maos communists were asked to get on one side and they did and together along with help from the allied forces. The japanese were defeated.
Where did this leave mao well in a pretty strong position. He wanted all of china and that he got in the end. A second civil war ensued and that ended with maos enemies.
Skipping off to taiwan. So now we have mao. The leader and he did a lot of good things if people got in his way blood was often spilled.
But he took land from warlords and gave it back to the people he tried to stop opium production and cut down on addiction. He doubled the number of chinese people getting an education. He greatly improved healthcare and womens rights.
Its said because of maos policies life expectancy improved. Quite quickly in the country. He was a champion of the rural classes.
But things would take a turn for the worse. Although he thought he had done so much good and he had in many respects he was still heavily criticized by those. He said were on the right these were mostly urban folk with urban educations.
We might remember.
Many of these people were bullied hurt had their lives turned upside down after some amount of condemnation. He embarked on a campaign of fear his doubters had to be silenced and they were mao had even allowed people to voice their concerns about how the country should be run which came under the banner. Hundred flowers campaign but many of those on the right expressing concern of the leadership were just sent to prison.
If you think being doxxed is bad imagine hundreds of thousands being sent to dank jail cells. Just for sharing an opinion. Some writers say the campaign was only there in the first place to weed out so called threats in many other cases people were executed and its said in every village.
There were executions people also perished in labor camps where mao had hoped to see a reform through labor campaign change. Peoples views. Its also written that during this time.
Many people took their own lives before they could be forced to work or be executed. But without criticism. There can be no progress without a dialectic.
Its hard to move forward. And when you glue the mouths of your detractors something bad is likely going to happen. It did and worse than anything previously seen in 1958 mao.
Launched his great leap forward . Which were a series of reforms to push the country forward this included forcing farmers to work in a collective everything was for the country. The move ahead the bright future and anyone working for themselves in the vein of an individualist capitalist was severely punished.
The reforms were many. But a big emphasis was also on quickly industrializing the country which often involved taking the peasants out of the fields and into iron and steel production china was then hit by devastating floods and some bad harvests and all the efforts to have people working in industries. Did not really work out the movement from field to factory also meant lower grain production maos propaganda would tell a different story.
However. When you have zero tolerance to criticism or even complaining. Its not always the police or army that get to you its your neighbor.
Because much of the time they are playing a bad part in the prisoners dilemma game which basically means they get you before you can get to them one writer for the guardian interviewing. A chinese author wrote across china teachers. Former landlords and intellectuals were being humiliated beaten and murdered.
They were hounded by neighbors colleagues and pupils moved by misguided revolutionary fervor personal. Grudges. Or little more than whim.
Friends. Children and spouses turned on them. We might also say that during rules of cults of personality people can become quite drunk with love stoned on their belief that they know the true path cut by the great leader so when ruin comes.
There just wasnt anywhere the people could turn many of those that did criticize the policies were called right opportunists and imprisoned. It was a chaotic time to say the least what happened was a famine a terrible famine. This was a response from one party official.
Who had been told. There is no food for people to eat they are dying. Thats right deviationist thinking youre viewing the problem in an overly simplistic matter this famine literally.
Killed off entire villagers decimated towns turned some people on each other farmers declaring that their harvest was terrible were sometimes beaten set alight drowned.
The guardian writes others are tortured beaten or buried alive for declaring realistic harvests refusing to hand over what little food they have stealing scraps or simply angering officials. One chinese man called yang. Jisheng who lived through those harsh times many.
Years later wrote a book called tombstone . Which he penned after travelling the length and breadth of china to find out how people had been affected by the famine. His own father had died of starvation back then he finds case upon case of acts of sheer desperation and depravity in one such case.
13. Kids appeal to officials to give them a scrap of food. The officials take the young kids to the edge of the mountains where they die of exposure in another case.
A young boy kills and eats his own brother. He mentions other cases where people didnt bury their deceased family members they hid them so that they could collect their food rations and in some cases. People just ate their dead.
Friends and family like the historian. We mentioned the chinese writer got this information from chinese provincial archives. The authorities at least were good at keeping records to start with i felt terribly depressed when i was reading these documents.
He told the guardian. But after a while i became numb because otherwise i couldnt carry on his book is banned in china. And some critics wonder.
If the chinese authorities have not learned a lesson already about censorship is history doomed to repeat itself. We doubt it. But one might ask even as right and left schisms destroy friends alliances.
If banning and blocking is a good thing. Yang called the banning of his book an offense to the memories of tens of millions of course. We cant directly charge chairman mao for all the deaths and its said that some of communist party leaders kept a lot of information away from him regarding the depth of the famine.
But we must also make him accountable for his part his rule by fear his intolerance for criticism while one man alone. We cannot blame it perhaps is just easier to focus ire on one thing one face. But that man that face did say things like political power grows out of the barrel of a gun.
He also said to read too many books is harmful this. Was in his famous little red book . Which consists of 427 quotations from mao.
Its said a billion copies of this book have been published making it more widespread than the whole of the harry potter series of books. But still a little way behind. The bible.
Still in some countries. Today leaders look upon their population as a herd of sheep designed for their sometimes unruly demands and absolute theories. Mostly indirectly related to them retaining their power.
As sir. Francis bacon. Once said knowledge is power and maybe we should all arm ourselves with a foundation of knowledge.
A willingness to listen and change to not fall for a despots lies to not be seduced by groupthink to not be enthralled too much by the madness of a crowd and live with open hearts and curious minds. What do you think of mao zedong could the famine have been averted also be sure to check out our other video greatest naval battle in history battle of leytte gulf thanks for watching and as always dont forget to like share and subscribe. See you next time .
Thank you for watching all the articles on the topic Why Mao Zedong Was The Most Brutal Tyrant. All shares of bluevelvetrestaurant.com are very good. We hope you are satisfied with the article. For any questions, please leave a comment below. Hopefully you guys support our website even more.