looking forward definition This is a topic that many people are looking for. bluevelvetrestaurant.com is a channel providing useful information about learning, life, digital marketing and online courses …. it will help you have an overview and solid multi-faceted knowledge . Today, bluevelvetrestaurant.com would like to introduce to you What does LOOK FORWARD TO mean? English class. Following along are instructions in the video below:
“For mrs. Andrew from crown academy of english today. We are doing a lesson about about the expression look forward to so look forward to so. The meaning is to about something in the future with pleasure.
So we re thinking about something in the future with pleasure. So it means to be pleased or excited that something is going to happen so something in the future is going to happen and we are pleased or excited about it so it is a thought a happy thought example. I m looking forward to the concert. I m looking forward to the concert.
So there is a concert or there will be a concert in the future and i am excited about it i am pleased about it i m thinking about it i m looking forward to the concert. So let s look at the grammar rules and some more examples. Let s look at the form. So the first structure the first type of fall is look forward to followed by a noun phrase and noun phrase.
So the first thing that is very important is the word to hear this is acting as a preposition. Okay. It is a preposition so that is why we follow it with a noun phrase okay so this is not part of an infinitive no this is too a preposition so we follow it by a noun phrase example mark is looking forward to the party mark is looking forward to the party. So looking forward to followed by the noun and party is the noun jane is looking forward to her birthday so looking forward to a birthday or her birthday is the noun phrase okay i m looking forward to the weekend i m looking forward to the weekend so weekend is the noun and i m looking forward to it so here this means mark is there is a party in the future and mark is thinking about it.
And he s excited about it jane is excited about her birthday. Which is happening soon and i m looking for and i m excited that the weekend is approaching in the future. Okay. Now this the second type of form is look forward to followed by an ing form.
So remember again to is a preposition in this structure. It is a preposition and the ing form is a gerund and remember a gerund is a verb acting like a noun remember. A gerund is a verb acting like an hour so it s similar to a noun phrase example mark is looking forward to buying a house mark is looking forward to buying a house. So this means that soon in the future.
Mark will be buying a house and he s excited about it okay so looking forward to followed by the ing form of the verb. This is the gerund of by i m looking forward to going to london. I m looking forward to going to london. So this means soon.
I will go to london. I will be going to london and i m excited about it and thinking about it and i m excited about it so it s the ing form of the verb go. It s the gerund. I m looking forward to meeting you so we have the ing form of the verb meet soon.
I will meet you and i m excited about it now very important we do not use the infinitive form or the base form of the verb. This is a very common mistake so for example. This is wrong mark is looking forward to buy know to buy a house. Know.
This is is wrong. This is the base form of the verb. Which is now an infinitive. But this is wrong because as i said earlier to is a preposition and after a preposition we use a noun phrase or the ing form.
We do not use the infinitive or the base form this is a very big mistake in english. And it s very common and again this is wrong looking forward to go to london. No it should be going. This is right this is wrong and finally.
I m looking forward to meet you no this is wrong. This is the base form or the infinitive to meet of the verb meet. But this is wrong with with look forward to we must use the ing form. I m looking forward to meeting you this is correct.
This is wrong. This is very important look forward to plus. The ing form not the infinitive or the base form. If the second verb has a different subject then we use the object pronoun now let me give you an example.
An explanation. So the context of the example. The context is mark is visiting me next week. So in the future next week.
Mark is visiting lee okay and i m excited about it i m excited about his visit. His future visit. This is the context. Now let s look at the correct use of look forward.
Sir. So we say i m looking forward to him visiting me next week. I m looking forward to him h i m. Visiting me next week and we say him because this is the object pronoun.
Okay of this is the object pronoun masculine because mark is a man of the third person singular masculine. I m looking forward to him visiting me next week if this was a girl or a lady. If this was for example jane is visiting me next week. I would say i m looking forward to her visiting me next week.
Because her is the object pronoun third person singular feminine for a lady or a girl okay. So we must use the object pronoun and we do not use the subject pronoun. So for this same example. The same context.
This is wrong. I m looking forward to he visiting me next week. This is wrong because this he is the subject pronoun of the third person singular masculine. That is wrong because the grammar rule is that we must use the object pronoun okay.
If you do not know the difference between object pronouns and subject pronouns. If you do not know this. If you do not understand this then i have another video on my channel. Which explains personal pronouns they are called the personal pronouns and i ll give you a link at the end of this video.
It s very important to understand the difference so when we use look forward to and the second verb has a different subject. Then we use the object pronoun not the subject pronoun okay. This and finally this is very very common in written english. So look forward to is very common in written english and we often use it at the end of a letter or email.
And it s a polite way of telling someone or asking someone to do something okay so the meaning when you see at the end of a letter. They re not really they re not telling you that they re excited about something they re in fact telling you to do something they re giving you an order in fact a polite way of asking you or telling you to do something it s a very indirect. Polite way of asking you to do something and often in written english in business english. Then we use the present simple form here are three examples you ll often see this at the end of a letter.
I look forward to your reply. I look forward to your reply. So they re not this is perhaps a company who s writing this they are not saying that they are excited about your reply. They are they are basically telling you that they are expecting you to reply.
They are waiting for you to reply okay in other words. They are telling you to reply to them okay so it s very polite way of saying it and they we also see this very often i look forward to hearing from you soon. So. This is politely asking you to reply soon quickly okay.
And another example. We look forward to receiving the contract we look forward to receiving the contract so this is a polite way of saying we are waiting for you to send us the contract please send us the contract. We are expecting the contract please send it okay so it s very polite way of asking for something and notice how in all of these examples. We are using the present simple.
We re not saying i am looking forward. It s i look forward. I look forward. We look forward.
This is the present simple okay. Which is more common in written business english. When we are asking someone to do something the present continuous here. I am looking forward to your reply.
It would be correct the meaning would be the same. But the present simple is slightly more common in this context. Okay. So do not be surprised to see the present simple form in written english.
Okay so basically they re giving you a hint they re hinting at you done they are telling you that they want you to reply. They want you to send the contract. Okay. There we are that s the end hope you enjoyed it and here are some other videos which i ” .
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