pages about the exact phrase, social networking sites This is a topic that many people are looking for. bluevelvetrestaurant.com is a channel providing useful information about learning, life, digital marketing and online courses …. it will help you have an overview and solid multi-faceted knowledge . Today, bluevelvetrestaurant.com would like to introduce to you Nicholas Christakis: The hidden influence of social networks. Following along are instructions in the video below:
“Afternoon class. This is mr. Turner today. We re looking at short screencast on multinational multinational organizations might be thinking to yourself.
Or what is a multinational organization. The multinational is just really what it sounds like it is an organization could be a business. It could be a bank. It could be a charitable organization could be a lot of different things.
It s made up of a lot of different countries or nations. All working for the same goal. So it s very simple what it is there are a lot of different types. A lot of different goals.
So we re just going to look at just a few examples of these multinational organizations of what some of them do and then we ll take a closer look at those and with some time in class. We re going to start off by looking at the united nations. I m going to take it back to the very beginning of the united nations united nations was signed their created in june jun. 26.
1945. And ratified at the first session of the general assembly of nominations in london october 24th. 1945. So the idea for the united nations sort of grew out of a very similar idea something called the league of nations.
The league of nations was a body created after world war one to keep the peace in europe between those warning. Countries and help to kind of rebuild europe. After world war. One the main goal was to keep something like what were one from having happening again.
And that didn t happen or didn t it didn t work in nineteen later on in 1941 world war world war two began so the league of nations failed in its purpose. But you know the united nations was created out of that same idea an idea of a body to help keep the peace in europe after world war. Two what ended up being was united states. Russia.
China. France and britain became the permanent security or permanent members to the security council of united nations and ten other countries. Sir two year periods on the council and they rotate rotate in and rotate out this has been going on since 1945. The five permanent members have the right to veto any security council decision so that means as these five these five permanent members discuss and debate with these other ten countries that kind of rotate in and rotate out every two years those five permanent members have the authority or the right to veto those decisions made by the other ten countries.
One of the big keys to the survival of the united nations was the fact that the united states agreed to become involved united states never got involved in the league of nations. Which kind of weakened its support worldwide and kind of was one of the major downfalls of the league of nations today. The united nations has 192 members that serve from around the globe. There s five really major parts to the united nations.
The general assembly is broken into an economic council. The secretariat court of world justice security council and the trustee ship council and then the economic and social council..
Is also broken up into other organizations or kind of works with other organizations that you might have heard of unicef might be one that you ve heard of before the world health organization are a couple of other multinational organizations that work closely with the economic and social council of the united nations. The purpose of the united nations has changed a little bit over time after it was originally built as more more aimed at working in europe post world war two. But today. The purpose is to bring all nations of the world together to work for peace and development based on the principles of justice human dignity and well being of all people so basically.
It s its aim is to make the world. A more peaceful and cooperative place. The united nations is sort of there to step in and try to downgrade some of these problems before they get out of hand their first goal is to use non violence. But they do have some military force.
If it comes to that a lot of these countries that are in the night. Nations. They was the room looking for they volunteer troops to go and serve in a un force for a certain period of time from there from their own military force. Gives country is an opportunity to balance global interdependence and national interest.
When considering solutions for international problems. So. What that means is basically. It is aimed at helping other countries cooperate to see how one country depends on another country and how those decisions impact.
Other nations kind of like how a domino falls. One country makes one decision. Depend a lot and interacts or affects a second country. A domino falls and effects at the second country.
So on and so forth headquarters. Today is in new york city. This land and the building that make up the headquarters are international territory. Six official languages are all arabic chinese.
English french. Russian and spanish. There is also a un european headquarters in geneva switzerland and it has offices in vienna austria. Ethiopia jordan thailand and chile senior officer of the united nations secretariat is the secretary general of president secretary general ban ki moon.
So again some of its aims to keep peace throughout the world. Develop friendly relations between nations to work together to help people live better lives eliminate poverty disease illiteracy environmental destruction and to become a center for helping other nations achieve their goals. So it s not just about peace. It s about working with other nations to help those nations achieve their goals by helping by helping individual nations achieve their goals the bigger picture of the united nations and their goals can be more easily achieved as well some principles all member states have sovereign equity.
I equality so all members all member states are equal all member states must obey the charter countries again i mentioned this earlier. I must try to settle their differences by peaceful means first on countries must avoid using force or threatened use force. But they use a lot of times as sanctions economic sanctions military sanctions un may not interfere in the domestic affairs of any countries that means. The un usually steps in and gets involved when one country is threatening another country for example.
You ve probably heard a lot about the threat from russia in the crimean area crimean peninsula. This is something that united nations has taken a step in to get involved because it s russia and the threat of force against the ukraine..
If it was just a russian in a russian problem then the chances of the united nations getting involved are much less some goals. These are written in 2000. With the goal of being reached by 2015. These goals are set to be updated.
Very soon eradicate extreme poverty and hunger improve maternal health achieve universal primary education combat hiv and aids malaria and other diseases. Promote gender equality. Ensure environmental sustainability reduce child mortality and develop a club a global partnership for development. So all these are goals written.
In two thousand to be achieved by 2015. And i haven t seen any numbers on these goals yet. But if i had to take guess i d say that the success rate for most of these goals. It s probably pretty low especially with poverty and hunger t.
Poverty and hunger. Eternal health hiv and aids child mortality. Those some things than some problems. There are still very large problems especially in underdeveloped regions of the world.
I m going to look at the world bank real. Quick. Too. So who is the world bank of what is the world bank.
Well. There s not a bank like we would think of or like a bank like we would use this their bank made up of two institutions and the bank is owned by a hundred and eighty six member countries so those institutions are called international bank for reconstruction and development and the international development association. The ibrd works in middle income and more developed poor countries and the i dae works in the poorest countries of the world. Where they had a per capita income of less than 1130 five dollars a year.
What the world bank. Does is make loans to developing counthem around the world they make these loans. We the goals. The mission to do things like fighting poverty improve the environment sustain the environment share knowledge help build economies.
They do this in order to to try to sort of stimulate growth in these countries. They do this make these loans and sometimes they re i guess you might call it a grant. Where they don t have to be paid back at all with the goal for this money will help kind of sperm development in those areas world trade organization. There were they they deal with the rules of trade between nations at a global or near global level.
So the wto. The world trade organization is a place where member governments go to try to sort out trade problems. They faced with other countries. So again the goal here is to try to cut down on problems between other nations.
When trade when you get to a nationwide or global level of trade. Who is there to really step in and help to to mediate these problems you know countries don t always agree on things when it comes to trade in economics..
So who was there to step in and try to help to solve some of these problems. That s the world trade organization. They re sort of like a mentioned just a second there a mediator between two or more countries for example to protect consumers or prevent the spread of disease as they come in and make sure that one countries goods are being shipped for example from china to the united states meet certain regulations. The united states also you know in spex goods coming in with the world regulate the world trade organization sets regulations and rules as well on the agreements are negotiated and signed by the world s trading nations.
So by being a member of the world trade organization. You sign this and you agree to these provisions of these legal ground rules for international our goal is to help trade flow as freely as possible as much of the time as possible free trade free flowing trade is important for economic development. You know united states economy for example or china s economy for example or japan. In these large countries who s who play a big part in broad economics.
When they re when they re trade their economy slows down then the economy and trader the rest of the world begins to slow down you begin to see a depression not just in that country. But worldwide. So the world trade organization is there to make sure that these these problems that those countries are facing can be solved as quickly as possible so the trade can keep going and countries economies. Don t slow and then you don t have these these hiccups or depressions that you see around the world.
Because like i said. One once one country feels it that depression that hiccup then it spreads to other countries. As well. World trade organization is made up of 140 member countries to participate in sign and are on bound by these legal grant.
These legal ground rules for cars. Some principles that world trade organization is based on trade without discrimination freer trade with fewer barry barriers. That s important they want to keep these avenues of trade open and again keep countries economies and trade from slowing down. Once these barriers are put in place.
And these countries economies are slowed. Then it s like a ripple effect or again a domino effect. That s felt not just in that country. But throughout the world set predictable trade tariffs tariffs are like a tax on trades or imports.
So they want to set tariffs at a predictable rate. You don t want to be they don t want one country to be gouging another country with tariffs and taxes on imports and exports. It won t goes to be at a at a set level. So that each country knows what they re getting into ahead of time.
It s used to make markets more competitive by making markets more competitive. I mean. It s your prices are more competitive prices being competitive means that countries have to fight to keep their prices down people are people are usually going to buy the more economically priced goods what i mean is that if there s no competition countries can charge as much as they want to charge for a given product and by doing that that might be good for that country. But at the same time it hurts other countries and hurts buyers and into her sellers so by keeping prices at a competitive level level.
It helps to keep prices down and make trade more beneficial for less developed countries one of the things that it tries to do is is get less developed countries or on what we just call third world countries now we call in developing countries. More involved in trade trade stimulates. Those under developed economies and brings more money into the country and also sends more money out so it s like a cycle. The more money that comes in the more money those countries have to spend at home and abroad the international monetary fund or the imf and it s the last one we re going to mention so who are they the company or an organization created after world war two made up of 187 countries.
They have a board of governors. That meets twice a year to make policy and their day..
To day operations. Executive board is made up of 24 members. 24 permanent members. What do they do what s their aim to minimize the effects of international financial crisis.
So they try to help countries increase real income and lower unemployment so again their goal was a more specific goal of improving economies. But at a more focused area to cut down on the chances and effects of international financial crisis like a faltering economy or falter maybe a country basically has to declare bankruptcy. The international monetary fund can help to step any kind of may be provided if you want to call it a bailout for that country keep exchange rates tables that means what one person or what one country s monetary or system of money is worth in another country system of money by keeping that rate pretty stable and cuts down on things like inflation and establish a trade currency that all countries will use to trade with other countries one to the major one today is is the us dollar. Most countries used the dollar as their base financial on currency for trade international monetary fund is not liked by all countries are all people some say the international monetary fund will loan money to a country that can t pay their debts has to but has conditions that come with the come with the law.
What that does is by loaning a month loaning money to a country that you basically know can t pay a bag. But instead giving them certain conditions sort of really gives the imf. A hand in that country or control in that country. Where they otherwise would not have that control will have a say in areas where they other otherwise will not say have a say for example education health on building.
The economy infrastructure. They give this money with certain government restrictions that government won t spend that money in a certain area or that it will spend that money in a certain area on so it gives them a really an amount of control in that country where other countries. Think. The imf should not be another example they open their country before they open countries to foreign investment and stop charging attacks or tariffs or have quota on certain imports.
So they re telling these countries that they have to do certain things in order to get that money or not really have to pay that money back okay. So that s again that s just a real brief overview of a few of these united are not nodded. But multinational organizations tomorrow in class and thursday in class excuse me wednesday in class. We will be looking at some of these multinational organizations basically reading a little bit more about them.
And figuring out what they actually do so make sure that you complete your note taking guide. I m going to upload that note taking god i think i gave you the wrong one in class. So i m going to upload the note taking guide along with the link to the video to make sure you ve completed that and also make sure that you have completed the quiz that goes along with this screencast shouldn t be more than about fiv of birds that s evading a predator or a flock of birds. That s able to pool its wisdom and navigate and find a tiny speck of an island in the middle of the pacific or a pack of wolves.
That s able to bring down larger prey superorganisms have properties that cannot be understood just by studying the individuals. I think understanding social networks and how they form and operate can help us understand not just health and emotions. But all kinds of other phenomena like crime and warfare and economic phenomena. Like bank runs and market crashes and the adoption of innovation and the spread of product adoption.
Now look at this i think we form social networks. Because the benefits of a connected life outweigh the costs. If i was always violent towards you or gave you misinformation or made you sad or infected you with deadly germs you would cut the ties to me and the network would disintegrate so the spread of good and valuable things is required to sustain and nourish social networks. Similarly social networks are required for the spread of good and valuable things like love and kindness and happiness and altruism and ideas.
I think in fact that if we realized how valuable social networks are we d spend a lot more time nourishing them and sustaining them because i think social networks are fundamentally related to goodness. And what i think the world needs now is more connections. Thank you ” ..
Thank you for watching all the articles on the topic Nicholas Christakis: The hidden influence of social networks. All shares of bluevelvetrestaurant.com are very good. We hope you are satisfied with the article. For any questions, please leave a comment below. Hopefully you guys support our website even more.