maritime rights This is a topic that many people are looking for. bluevelvetrestaurant.com is a channel providing useful information about learning, life, digital marketing and online courses …. it will help you have an overview and solid multi-faceted knowledge . Today, bluevelvetrestaurant.com would like to introduce to you How Maritime Law Works. Following along are instructions in the video below:
“Love making interesting videos. The most interesting topics are often exceptions deviations nfrom. The norm norm all of us live in countries. Where there are nlaws and rules and governing telling us.
What we can and can t do but 70 of the world is ocean. Where there nare no countries no governing bodies to tell us what s right and wrong. That s why maritime law exists. Let s start with a hypothetical a baby nis born on a cruise ship sailing in the middle of the atlantic ocean.
What nationality does it take this is the coast of some fictional place nin. Some fictional country governed by some fictional government from this line. Which is the water line at nthe lowest low tide. Every country is allowed 12 miles of territorial waters it used to be 3 miles the distance a cannon ncould shoot off shore.
But that has since changed those twelve miles are the property of a country they can do pretty much whatever they please nin. It and all domestic laws. Apply foreign ships are however sometimes allowed nto enter into these waters. Under the principle of innocent passage if ships have an innocent purpose which ndoes not include fishing polluting weapons practice or spying they are allowed to npass through territorial waters of a foreign nation without permission as long as they ndo so quickly and without stopping on shore beyond.
The territorial waters. There is another n12 miles of the contiguous zone. This zone allows a country to enforce laws nas long as they fall into one of four categories. If the laws have to do with customs taxation nimmigration or pollution.
They can be enforced in the contiguous zone..
Beyond. The contiguous waters. Is the exclusive neconomic zone. Also known as the eez.
This zone extends 200 nautical miles from nshore beyond the territorial waters. The eez is in ninternational waters. However only the country who holds the exclusive economic zone has nthe right to harvest natural resources in this area. This law was originally set up to help with ndisputes over fishing rights.
But has since been incredibly useful with the boom in oil ndrilling. All these laws do however occasionally cause nsome disputes due to overlapping zones. This is the south china sea an incredibly nimportant waterway nearly 1 3rd of the world s shipping traffic npasses through it and it reportedly has huge untapped oil reserves china has this land so it says. It has all nthis water malaysia has this land so it says.
It has all this water vietnam has this land nso. It says. It has all this water brunei has this land so it says. It has all this water nthe philippines has this land so it says.
It has all this water and taiwan has this land nso. It says. It has all this water when two countries are less than 400 nautical nmiles away from each other it is up to them to decide where their respective economic nzones end. Most solve it civilly by separating the zones.
The equidistant point from each of their shores. However when the stakes are so high nsuch as in the south china sea. Countries can be a bit less cordial. So our cruise ship baby.
Let s change. The hypothetical and say that nthe cruise ship was sailing in us territorial waters less than 12 miles away from shore. Every oceangoing vessel is required to be nregistered in some country you ll notice that most large cruise ships nare registered in tiny far away countries panama a nation with fewer people that minneapolis nholds. The registration of one quarter of the world s ships.
Because taxes and labor costs nare low when a ship is in international waters. The nlaws of the country of registration apply a ship registered in amsterdam could legally nhave prostitution and marijuana on board as long as they got rid of the drugs and shut ndown the brothels before sailing into territorial waters. Once a ship is in the territorial waters of na country. The onboard laws switch to that of the country.
The ship is physically in this is the same for nationality law. Kinda. A baby born on a dutch ship within 12 miles. Nof.
The us is a baby born in america. Since the us is one of the 30 countries that nunconditionally grants citizenship to any baby born within the country. A baby born nin. Us.
Territorial waters is lucky enough to receive the world s 8th..
Most powerful passport. There are two exceptions to this rule foreign diplomats. Visiting or living in the nus with a diplomatic passport are not subject to the laws of the us or any other nation nother than their own consequently. The babies of foreign diplomats ndo not automatically receive american citizenship.
Additionally the babies of individuals staging na hostile invasion or occupation of american territory are not granted american citizenship nupon birth here s where things get even more confusing even though a ship in international waters. Nis. An extension of the territory of the nation. It s registered in law wise.
The rules for nnationality are different. The united nations treaty on the reduction nof statelessness. Which is followed by some countries says that a baby born in ninternational. Waters should just take the nationality of their parents.
Most of the world s countries use the principle nof bloodline to determine if a baby should get citizenship rather than whether or not na baby was born in the country. However. There are some countries that won t ngive citizenship to a baby born outside the country in that case. The baby would take the citizenship nof the country in which the ship was registered alright that s enough with babies.
There s a long history of exploiting maritime nlaws during prohibition us ships started to change ntheir registration to panama and other foreign countries. So they could serve alcohol in international nwaters in the mid century casino boats left from nmany cities. Where gambling was illegal to partake in legal gambling. In international nwaters in 2005.
Roger green started nseacode. A company that planned to evade us labor laws. By placing an old cruise ship. 12.
Nmiles off the shore of california. They would bring in foreign coders and house nthem in this ship. Where they would not have to abide by us wage laws or go through the ndifficult visa application process the idea never came to fruition. But the technical nlegality of it just shows how convoluted maritime law is the laws for airplanes are pretty much the nsame.
Technically once an airplane has taken off nthe laws of the country of registration apply the only law that is applies and differs among ncountries is the drinking age. A british airways flight from new york to nlondon can serve alcohol to 18 year olds. However in most cases airlines choose to nfollow the laws of the origin country spacecraft. Also follow very similar laws nand.
Luckily i have a whole other video just about space law make sure to check it out. Here. You can also click here to subscribe to wendover nproductions and follow me on twitter wendoverpro please also be sure to watch my last video non why college is so expensive. It s a great video.
So please check it out nif you haven t done so already ” ..
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