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“He caught 45 here you re looking at some grains of powder and that s s what we re going to talk about today. We re going to do a basics video. Some information here on grains. A lot of questions and you see postings about grains like we experienced shooters will refer just randomly to a 147 grain bullet or whatever.
It is or a cartridge and you ll see questions occasionally from generally new shooters or non shooters. What do you mean by grains. You know that how much powders enter them. But what are you talking about there.
So i thought rather than just a brief faq. We would get a little deeper into it you know what is a grain. What s it mean well in the shooting world and reloading world cartridge world that that is the unit of measurement. That s used for a lot of lot of things this is a 405 grain bullet.
That s 10 or 11 grains of powder. You were just looking at you had your face in that pan. Didn t you hope you didn t getting that on your nose a powder. It s grains you know that s how we we weigh things like that so we talk about grains.
All the time and i don t want to confuse you i want to clarify for you and as you can imagine since you know reloading shooting. There s so much talk of grains. It is the unit of measurement that it s my favorite unit of measurement in fact i can tell you how many grains my car weighs i have my bathroom scales set up on grains you know it shows me i wait i think is a million six hundred and ten grains you know when i stand on that scale. You know my wife doesn t like that too you might pick a long number when she gets on there.
But that s the downside upside is someone asked. Me. How much i can benchpress two million. Yeah anyway ah.
A green is a very small unit of measurement. That s the bottom line. Okay now let me keep it simple and not get too silly for your new shooters and non shooters. The bottom line is first of all when you see us talking referring to grains on particular bullet cartridge.
You know somebody schulich on you will be shooting. It or thirty grain below. Well. We re talking about a bullet.
Okay. Rarely is anybody ever talking about the powder unless. It s you know some shooters and reloaders talking about their powder charge of a certain kind of powder. Just assume.
It s the bullet okay. Because lid is lit powder is not powder for one thing. You re not going you re never going to hear me or any experienced shooter or hand loader. Asking somebody well how many grains do you use in that cartridge.
Because it varies like this powder winchester 231 is a powder. I use five grains of that is different from five grains of 2400. Another common powder and unique one of the most common classic powder. So five grains of this is maybe a decent little load for a certain cartridge five grains of this is not much in fact not even recommended probably for most standard pistols.
Five. Grains. This i would be a little warmer than so and then i could bring out i don t really have a lot of faster hotter burning powders. But there are other powders that are very common whereas five grains of this would be really weak.
But five grains of it bullseye for example would be really hot maybe smoking hot too hot for you know giving bullet. Okay. And this is just three different powders. There are hundreds of powders every.
One is different look at my manual here is what it drag this out for example. This is it now this manual let me show you the cover real quick. This is the manual. I bought 1973 and i started reloading with it okay still around keep it in reloading room.
See these stats don t change first in these old powders. But you see for example. There s a 250 green cast bullet. 44.
Magnum a bull s eye powder. Just for grains 2400 you see over there. And that one can at 18 grains of it or the starting amount yeah. And then there s a unique i have a candidate there are seven grains.
I don t have any of these others i guess. But you see the variants on the starting amount of powder. It s a wide range there so that s just a few powders. So that s why no one just talks about how many grains of powder.
You deezen so it would be it would be crazy be dangerous you wouldn t be talking about you know amount of powders. If it s all the same now with black powder back in the old days. You know or even now if you re loading black black powder. You know you could do that i guess that if you re talking about the same like two f or four of three three or four at the same granule of size or something they have not quite as serious there.
But with powder. No no no no one s talking about how many grains or yeah. But some 45 acp yesterday. I think it was two hundred two hundred grain round two hundred grain loads or two hundred grain rounds or something someone s ever saying that you re hearing that they re talking about the bullet weight.
They re talking about the bullet this okay. That s all they d be talking about they would not be talking about the powder. Okay too many different kinds of powder. You d have to specify powder all right now if nobody now we re talking about specific powder.
We were uh you know comparing loads and talking about what load we wanted to use will say twenty four hundred it s a pretty popular for 2014 for example and we re loading 240 grain bullets we could have a conversation like that and then we know what we re talking about that would be different you know we could be arguing about way o l. Markeith. Like twenty two grains or twenty four grains of 2400. I m loading 22.
You re loading an eighteen grain. We can have this big conversation about powder grains. But that would be about the only context in which show you would hear that you know or maybe online in a reloading forum or something again you d have to know that there s some consistency. We re talking about specific cartridge.
A specific bullet weight. Maybe even and then we re having a conversation about how many grains of powder. But that s really the only time okay so again the bottom line anytime. You hear some about a grain of someone s going to pick up some bullets or you re reading on the on the cartridge box.
Having grains. This is it s the bullet weight you know for example. There s some forty five. It still owes we put these back kind of take a look at you got to where s my pointer.
There it is that eight millimeter. You ve got these are 357 magnum. You got here in fifty eight grains. Say that s the bullet weight that s in the case you ve got 45.
There they re torn 30 grains. There s some 9 millimeters. There they re 147 grain got some black out the the um she s 115 grain bullets there s the ones i was pulling out of the barrel they got misspoke on that like that about three 123. But they re hundred picking gray.
And those 180 grain 40. Smith wesson. So that s what we re talking about when we re talking about grain. We re talking about the weight of these babies right here you know whatever caliber.
It is whatever bullet. It is whether it s jacketed. But it s a hollow point whether it s a hard cast bullet whatever. It is that s generally what we re talking about and that s the thing i want to really make sure we get straight.
Okay and then it ll go a little bit deeper than that no one s ever talking about the drainage of powder hardly ever okay so we got that established now why is that you know because maybe in your life. You ve never heard anybody talk about grains you die from a shooting family. And you know where s that come from we didn t talk a lot about that in math class. Or necessarily.
What the reasoning for it again. You ve got about the way. We have been a 10 or 11 grains of powder. You know in this little bowl.
I m just going to dump it out i think i forgot which one it was from there things unique maybe. But so that was about a living grains of powder that s not much weight is it can we talk about ounces. When we re weighing powder or even bullets some really light bullets. Now like the light is bullet.
I haven t well here s a this in the. Case but that s a two to three 556. That s about a 55 grain bullet now it s not very heavy 55 grains so you can t talk in terms of ounces. Most things we re talking about you might how much your hammer weighs your claw hammer your sledge hammer your tire you can talk about it in ounces or pounds can t you how much a chair weighs.
Even how much your shoes. Way. No way. Ounces.
Or a pound or two or three or something see or a gun you know we re always comparing guns like this ppk s. I lie much at least 20 ounces 25. Ounces or something and we talked about it with firearms. Only well with bullets.
They re they re so far down the scale that we we use grains. We need a smaller unit of measurement. Which is that simple and with powder even a smaller that s the other thing even the lightest bullet that would be talking about in terms of how much it weighs. It s going to weigh more than any powder charge almost it would be talking about see that s another difference okay yes.
We re talking about bullet. When we re talking about grains and when we re reading what s on the box. And then also generally with powder charges and so many of them are like three point five grains or five point six grains or ten grains. You know there aren t many bullets that way that small amount even a twenty two you know long rifle gives like thirty four thirty six grains or forty grains.
You know two to three fifty five grains. If those are usually the lightest bullets. I can think of right off hand and then right on up you know a nine millimeter is 115 grains 147 grain 124 grains you know that s a 9 millimeter 38. Sore usually 158 grain under 25.
So i d be a lot of powder. A lot of powder. Even this 4570 case and these old cars. I don t want confuse you by going td.
But even these old cases that was called 4570 partly because he would hold 40. It was a 45 caliber and was loaded with 70 grains of black powder. But that s pretty unique now as far as in modern powders. You can get pretty much powder in a big old case like that you know maybe 30.
Grains of powder. Okay. That s and that s a huge case. See and there just aren t many actual bullets that would be 30 grains again measure the amount of powder that it would take for a warm load in that case of most powders say 30 grains.
That s lighter than even this little bitty. 22. Bullets. Say okay so we re talking about two different major categories.
There so just again further evidence that we re not talking about the weight of the powder. It d be a much smaller number yeah anybody s talking about 230 grains of powder. Which is a common 45 acp bullet man you re talking about a lot of powder. That s powder.
All right so that s it now to give you an idea this is an old school scale. It s actually the one i still use when i weigh powder here s a penny. I think we ve got we ve got windage issues here. Let s see how much depth anyways for example.
If you re going to weigh a penny. You d probably have to do it in terms of grains yeah. It s going to be about 50 grains yeah somewhere in the area of 50 grains. It looks like okay so it gives you an idea a penny is about 50.
Grains so that s a long way from an. Ounce there are 7000. Grains in a pound for example okay you can do the math and some people do that when you re getting to reloading some people based a powder they use on the how much it s going to cost them for. Example i was telling you earlier that 2400.
Uses more powder. You saw maybe remember from the manual here let s use an 18 or 20 grains of this that s a lot of powder terms weight. Which is the nature of this type of takes more of it so it s so some people don t use this gets more expensive you know pound of powder runs. You know around the same amount maybe 20.
Bucks. Let s say give or take two or three dollars. And so you can do the math you know if you get if it takes 20 grains of this then you just you know get you calculator out so yeah i mean rounds you could load with a pound of that there s 7000. Drinks in a pound whereas.
With another powder like winchester is a it takes less about five or six. Grains maybe equal the same amount of power well you still got 7000. Grains and a pound and these come in pound containers. Generally so you can load three or four times as many rounds with this powder.
Now your next question is well why wouldn t you use this powder. All the time all these powders have different properties and that s for another video. Maybe some are dirtier submerges more bulky and some are designed for hotter round. Some are designed for heavier cartridges bullets.
And and that s a that s that s the different story altogether and we don t we didn t do deeply into that so 7000. Grains in a panel. So we re talking about you know a small unit of measurement and that s why you have little scales like this and you have to have something that would weigh even a paperclip. There s a paperclip.
Let s see if we gave him away that i saw a paperclip. It s just a pull. I think i know the difference ooh. This is going to weigh about there s a tenth.
No that s one one not rain let s see two grains. It s like a pea. The staple going to weigh around three grains. Maybe this thing freed up here in the wind.
Yeah. So we re between two and three grains. Say so how else are you going to talk about how much your paperclip weighs. You know i know it s not a bullet.
But it s similar to powder. You know there are powder charges than that vicinity so you can t use ounces. You d be talking about hundreds of an ounce. It ll be crazy so grains is a unit of measurement you need a small unit of measurement to talk about bullets and powder and that s where it comes from what s on the box.
What people are talking about is the bullet weight the weight of the bullet because that makes a difference. We don t know about the powder. I couldn t even tell you what powder any of these factory loads use i don t know so i wouldn t be talking about the powder grain ii don t even know how many grains are in there don t know what kind of powder. They even use so we re never talking about that okay we re strictly talking about the hit the weight of the ball.
And that does make a difference of it why do we talk about that well you know i kind of like heavy bullets for caliber. I like 147 grain 9 millimeter. You can tell a difference in point of impact. Sometimes.
The way they feel recoil. I like a 230 grain 45 acp for example some people shoot a 200 grain bullet in 45 acp especially in competition they get a different kind of recoil of a fashionable at lower trajectory. And there s all kinds of reasons for it. But people like different weight bullets and of course.
We have all the arguments that people have the bullet religion issue. You know. Which one s better you know heavier lighter mid range and all that but it s the bullet. We re talking about in how much it weighs and it s measured in grains.
And hopefully that kind of clarifies. It for you and they even give somebody a little more in mouthing you wanted right so we re talking about the bullet. When we re talking about grains. The bottom line and i went the long way around the barn to explain it maybe.
But i enjoyed doing it ” ..
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